An alternative view is to use modular assembly lines, where cells of automation or human technicians carry out specific operations. Thus, instead of parts flowing from one station to another in a predefined linear fashion, the material is transported between stations by mobile robots whose tasks are defined by a higher level planner which by measuring production flow, sensors and quality can optimize the process.

Short version of above video.

Irish Manufacturing Research and KUKA Collaboration collaborate together to support Irish Industry.